上海市理工大学附属中学2014届高三下第四次月考英语试题

发布于:2021-10-24 18:36:32

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上海市理工大学附属中学 2014 届高三下学期第四次月考 英语试题

I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

1. A. In a café

B. In a drugstore.

C. In a garage.

D. In a grocery.

2. A. 5 hours.

B. 9 hours.

C. 7 hours.

D. 10 hours.

3. A. To ask for a morning call. C. To catch the later flight.

B. To go to bed early. D. To cancel his trip.

4. A. Tom survived the accident. C. It did little damage to Tom’s car.

B. Someone saved Tom’s life. D. Tom was killed in the accident.

5. A. By air.

B. By bus.

C. By car. D. By train.

6. A. Librarian and student. C. Publisher and salesman.

B. Boss and secretary. D. Customer and shop assistant.

7. A. It’s high in quality. C. Its price is too high.

B. It’s worth the price. D. It’s well made.

8. A. She is going to work in her brother’s firm. B. She isn’t going to work in her brother’s firm. C. She studies in the same school as her brother. D. She plans to major in tax law.

9. A. Determined.

B. Rude.

C. Frank.

D. Sensitive.

10. A. The man is losing patience with the woman. B. The man is willing to help the woman. C. The man will let Bob chat with the woman. D. The man has finished his project.
Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions

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on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.

11. A. He got it through constant watching. C He learned it in a special school..

B. He had a lot of practice in his spare time. D. He was once caught by a signalman.

12. A. At Missouri.

B. At Fillan.

C. At Omar.

D. In Kansas City.

13. A. Angry.

B. Excited.

C. Surprised.

D. Frightened.

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.

14. A. The young Americans think reading less important than computer and science. B. Most young Americans believe that reading is very important. C. The majority of young American find reading boring and old-fashioned. D. The majority of Americans find reading more stimulating than computers and science.

15. A. Cultural and traditional books. C. Science fiction.

B. Mysteries and detectives. D. Novels and stories

16. A. Reading up-to-date books and magazines. B. Watching TV.

C. Listening to music.

D. Going to libraries

Section C Directions: In section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you hear.

Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.

Dr. Catani’s research : IPad generation are going to have less vocabulary than 17_____

generation.

Reasons:

Children have 18_______ to the Internet, mobile phones and tablet

computers, which are visual rather than auditory.

According to Dr. Catani’s Listening, 19_______ and conversation are vital to learning language.

research,

Solutions:

To maintain the 20_______tradition of passing knowledge by

spending less time on device and talking more with children.

Complete the form. Write ONE WORD OR NUMBER for each answer.

Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation.

What does Sharon do?

She 21__________the animals in studios and

sells prints online.

Why does Sharon never get scared while Because she has confidence and 22_________

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snapping animals like lions and bears? What does Sharon have to do when taking a picture of some animals like chicks and cats? What are the tricky parts that people wouldn’t expect?

can totally distract her from anything around. She has to capture proper 23__________.
It is a lot of work plus 24___________ that comes with any creative pursuit.

Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
(A) The belief (25)_________ animals can predict earthquakes has been around for centuries. In 373B.C., it’s recorded that animals, including rats, snakes and weasels, deserted the Greek city of Helice just days before (26) ________ quake destroyed the place. Since then, there have been similar stories of animal prediction of earthquakes across the centuries. It has been reported that fish move fiercely, chickens stop laying eggs, and bees leave their hive in a panic. Lots of pet owners said that they (27) ________ (witness) their cats and dogs acting strangely before the ground shook ---- barking or whining for no reason or showing signs of nervousness. But what animals (28) ________ sense, if they do feel anything at all, is a mystery. One idea is that animals feel the Earth shake before humans. Other ideas suggest they detect electrical changes in the air or gas released from the Earth. Earthquakes are a sudden phenomenon. Seismologists(地震学家)have no way of knowing exactly when or where the next one will hit. About 500,0000 detectable quakes occur in the world each year. (29)________ those, 1000,0000 can be felt by humans, and 100 cause damage. Japan is one of the countries (30)________ most earthquakes happen every year. Scientists there have long studied animals in hopes of discovering what they hear or feel before the Earth (31)________(shake), in order to use that sense as a prediction tools. On the other hand, American seismologists are doubtful, (32)________ ________ there have been recorded cases of strange animal behavior before earthquakes.
(B) Facial piercings(刺穿)and tattoos may (33)________ (become) more common ---- but that doesn’t mean they are any more accepted in the workplace, according to a new study. Visible body art is often still seen (34)_______ unprofessional and unwanted by coworkers, researchers from Texas State University found, with people saying they would rather not work with someone with piercings and tattoos when face-to-face contact with customers is required. “Our analysis suggests that body art wearers (35)________ (not overcome) employment prejudices,” said Brian K. Miller, who headed the research team. In the study, more than 150 people were given the tasks of selling business insurance. The researchers found even those who had piercings and tattoos (36)________ were critical of others with body art.

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While only one percent of Americans had a tattoo 30 years ago, by 2006 the number had jumped to 24 percent. The trend is (37)________ (popular) among young people, Miller said, with about 16 percent of people aged 18 to 24 having both tattoos and piercings. According to another survey, Miller found 58 percent of managers said they would be less likely (38)________ (hire) an applicant with visible tattoos or body piercings.
Jason Ryan Arment, who has a number of tattoos, said (39)________ ________ ________ you can’t see them, tattoos shouldn’t be a problem.
In some jobs body art can even be a plus. “Think about the audience for skateboards,” said Miller. “It (40)________ be good for these sales people to have piercings or tattoos.”

Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

A. concept

B. critical

C. diverse

D. emerged

AB. facilitated

AC. foundational

AD. impose

BC. interactive

BD. promote

CD. routine

ABC. gradually

Since springing up in 2008, Chinese SNS websites have been growing rapidly. While building complete platforms, SNS websites have been attracting a greatly increasing number of users as well as tremendous advertisers’ attention.
The birth of SNS websites brought us a new _____41_______ of socializing online using one’s real identity. Furthermore, the popularity of SNS websites has made real-identity online interaction a daily ______42____ for almost all the Internet users.
Blogs, photos, virtual gifts, games and other SNS applications have ____43____ real emotional interaction among Internet users.
Obviously, real-identity online communication has become a major competitive advantage of SNS websites. Many experts conclude that SNS websites have created a network of real socializing and have solved people’s daily problems in communication. Hence, solving real life issues and maintaining friendly interpersonal relationship are the ____44____ factors that ensure the survival and growth of SNS websites. Data report shows that renren.com has helped 63 users find a friend very second during the whole year of 2009 and crated 1 billion friendships.
In addition, celebrities, institutions and organizations have gradually become members of SNS websites. Information sharing becomes more ____45____, and the emergence of social games satisfies users’ need for ____46____ entertainment.
By gaining users in 2009, the SNS profit model has ____47____ grown clearer. According to the CNNIC annual report, 80% of SNS revenue derives from Internet advertisement, 15% from VAS(value-added service), and another 5% from other sources.
As the real marketing value of SNS was discovered by more businesses, many successful partnerships ____48____. Advertising professionals believe that the ___49_____ properties of SNS include participation, interaction, self-expression and emotional communication. These properties are the basis of SNS marketing activities, and they will ____50____ the birth of more marketing models.
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III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B,

C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

In the last year, Somalia’s pirates have attacked 120 ships in the Gulf of Aden, preventing

commerce in a key shipping lane (the transportation route for 20 percent of the world’s oil),

blocking aid supplies and driving up transport costs. There are two ways to stop such ____51____:

restore the rule of law to Somalia, which is a totally failed state, or blockade the country,

____52____ every ship or boat that leaves its shores. One of these solutions would be hard to

____53____. The other is quite realistic ---- yet outside governments have refused to try.

The last few weeks have shown how hard it will be to ____54____ the pirates on the high

seas. When British Navy tried to go ____55____ a captured fishing boat on Nov.11, they had to go

in with guns firing and killed one possible hostage in the process. A week later, an Indian warship

opened fire on ____56____ it thought was a pirate mother ship. But the target ____57____ to be a

Thai fishing ship. The pirates escaped, and 15 or 16 crew members on the ship were lost. When

pirates seized their most valuable prize eve on Nov.15 ---- the Sirius Star supertanker holding 2

million barrels of oil ---- everyone kept their ___58_____.

The region is currently patrolled by warships made up of the navies of 20 nations

___59_____ overall U.S. command. At any given time, there are 12 to 15 warships in the area. Yet

pirates have only increased their efforts. The Sirius Star was taken 450 miles southeast of Kenya,

and with it, the pirates now hold 300 ____60____ and 15 ships.

The U.S. Navy recently recommended that merchant ships arm themselves ---- an idea that’s

proved ____61___ with sailors afraid it will only cause pirates to employ greater ____62____.

The Navy also points out that piracy affects less than 1 percent of the 16,0000 ships to pass

through the Gulf of Aden each year. This overlooks the _____63____ that the pirates managed to

force the World Food Program to cancel grain deliveries last year, before Canada agreed to have

its warship escort the transports at great ____64____. And in another sign of rising costs, a major

Norwegian shipping company has just announced that it will begin ____65____ around the Cape

of Good Hope rather than going through the Suez Canal ---- which will double shipping charges.

51. A. attempts

B. accidents

C. attacks

D. adventures

52. A. searching

B. destroying

C. registering

D. seizing

53. A. deal with

B. figure out

C. take over

D. carry out

54. A. defeat

B. reject

C. satisfy

D. recognize

55. A. along

B. aside

C. around

D. aboard

56. A. something

B. which

C. that

D. what

57. A. turned down

B. turned up

C. turned out

D. turned away

58. A. distance

B. control

C. way

D. secret

59. A. for

B. under

C. with

D. at

60. A. hostages

B. refugees

C. survivors

D. prisoners

61. A. unfair

B. fair

C. unpopular

D. popular

62. A. right

B violence.

C. energy

D. influence

63. A. news

B. fact

C. concept

D. idea

64. A. expense

B. value

C. profit

D. speed

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65. A. circling

B. driving

C. pulling

D. sailing

Section B

Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or

unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the

one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A)

“I want to be just like you. You are from uptown, aren’t you?” the young man asked in the

local slang with a broad smile unaware of the burning tropical sun. Selling bags of potatoes at the

roadside, his extra-large T shirt and faded blue jeans were a proof to the universal influence of

American pop culture in Africa. I had accepted a seat at his potato stand to take a break before

concluding business in Accra that afternoon. Between busy sales serving customers stuck in traffic,

he asked numerous questions about life in America, convinced that having a visa to the United

States was like winning the lottery. How could I tell him that I envied his simple life and childish

innocence when I was guilty of the silent culture that has helped to create a false image of

Africans living abroad?

Outwardly, I looked like the poster boy for success visiting from the United states. My white

designer shirt and matching pants were straight from the shopping malls in Detroit, where I

worked as an engineer. Inwardly, I was caught in a web of ambition and cultural disappointment.

My clothes suggested wealthy, yet I could not afford the numerous requests for money or to make

gifts of my belongings. Uncles and aunties who were prepared to mortgage their homes to help me

leave 10 years ago now expected me to finance cousins hoping to make the same move to the

United States.

America had fulfilled my ambition for furthering my education and professional experience. I

had arrived with the equivalent of a high-school diploma, and after 10 years, I hold a graduate

degree and have a relatively successful professional career. Every inch of progress, however, had

been achieved through exhausting battles. My college education had been financed partly through

working multiple minimum-wage jobs. I was fortunate to secure a job upon graduation, but

adjusting to corporate culture made me pay another high price. Initially, I found myself putting in

twice the effort just to keep up. Scared by a wave of layoffs. I went to graduate school part time

because it was only way I knew that afforded me an edge in job security. It was as though I had

run 10 continuous marathons, one for each year abroad, and my body screamed for rest.

66. In the eyes of the young potato seller, the author seemed __________.

A. to be a successful man

B. to have won a lottery

C. to represent American culture

D. to know a lot about the U.S.

67. At the bottom of his heart, the author feels that ____________.

A. he wants to exchange places with the young seller

B. he is sorry for his cousins still living in Africa

C. his American dream has come true.

D. he is torn between the two cultures.

68. The author managed to enroll in a graduate school because __________.

A. studying graduate courses helped him adapt well to the life in the company.

B. a graduate degree was the minimum requirement for his career.

C. a graduate degree would give him an advantage over others in the job market.

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D. he wanted to settle permanently in the U.S. 69. Which of the following is closest to the main idea of the passage?
A. An immigrant was accepted by the society after ten years of struggle. B. An African American returned home with fame and fortune. C. An immigrant returned home with an exhausted heart. D. An young African was climbing to the top of his career.

(B)

When we think of leadership, we often think of strength and power. But what are these really,

and how do they operate?

Leadership today is not about forcing others to do things. If this is even possible, it is

short-term, and tends to backfire. If you order someone to do something against their will, they

may do it because they fell they must, but the anger they fell will do more harm in the long-term.

They will also experience fear.

Fear causes the thinking brain to shut down, making the person unable to function at this or

her best. If they associate you with this emotion of fear, they will become less functional around

you, and you will have ended up in not only shooting yourself in the foot, but possibly making

every good employee or partner unable to perform effectively. Fear has no place in leadership.

The way we influence people in a lasting way is by our own character, and our understanding

and use of emotion. We can order someone to do something, which may be part of the workday;

or we can employ him or her at the emotional level, so they become fully devoted to the projects

and provide some of their own motivation. Today’s work place is all about relationships.

Anyone works harder in a positive environment in which they’re recognized and valued as a

human being as well as a worker. Everyone produces just a bit more for someone they like.

Leaders understand the way things work. They know the paycheck is not the single most

motivating factor in the work life of most people.

The true strength of leadership is an inner strength that comes from the confidence of

emotional intelligence --- knowing your own emotions, and how to handle them, and those of

others. Developing your emotional intelligence is the single best thing you can do if you want to

develop your relationships with people around you, which is the key to the leadership skills.

70. An employee may have a feeling of fear in the work place when ________.

A. he thinks of his work as too heavy

B. he is forced to do things.

C. he cannot work at his best.

D. He feels his brain shut down.

71. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Smart people are more functional in the work place.

B. People tend to associate leadership with fear.

C. Working conditions do not affect people’s physical health.

D. Good relationship is the key to business success.

72. To positively influence employees, a leader should first of all ________.

A. hide his own emotion of fear

B. provide better suggestions

C. develop his own personality

D. give his employees a pay rise

73. Good leadership is mainly seen in a leader’s ability to _________.

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A. deal wisely with employees’ emotions. B. provide a variety of projects for employees. C. help raise employee’s living standards. D. give employees specific instructions.

(C)

The traditional tent cities at festivals such as Glastonbury may never be the same again. In a

victory of green business that is certain to appeal to environmentally-aware music-lovers, a design

students is to receive financial support to produce eco-friendly tents made of cardboard that can

be recycled after the bands and the crowds have gone home.

Major festivals such a Glastonbury throw away some 10,000 abandoned tents at the end of

events each year. For his final year project at the University of the West of England, James

Dunlop came up with a material that can be recycled. And to cope with the British summer, the

cardboard has been made waterproof.

Taking inspiration from a Japanese architect, who has used cardboard to make big buildings

including churches, Mr. Dunlop used cardboard material for his tents, which he called Myhabs.

The design won an award at he annual New Designers Exhibition after Mr. Dunlop

graduated from his product design degree and he decided to try to turn it into a business.

To raise money for the idea, he toured the city’s private companies which fund new

businesses and found a supporter in the finance group Mint. He introduced his idea to four of

Mint’s directors and won their support. Mint has committed around 500,000 pounds to Myhabs

and taken a share of 30 percent in Mr. Dunlop’s business. The first should be tested at festivals

this summer, before being marketed fully next year.

Mr. Dunlop said that the design, which accommodates two people, could have other uses,

such as for disaster relief and housing for the London Olympics.

For music events, the cardboard houses will be ordered online and put up at the sites by the

Myhabs team before the festival-goers arrive and removed by the company afterwards. They can

be personalized and the company will offer reductions on the expense if people agree to sell

exterior (外部的) advertising space.

The biggest festivals attract tens of thousands of participants, with Glastonbury having some

150,000 each year. Altogether there are around 100 annual music festivals where people camp in

the UK. The events are becoming increasingly environmentally conscious.

74. Eco-friendly tents in Paragraph 1 refer to tents __________.

A. designed for disaster relief

B. economically desirable

C. favorable to the environment

D. for holding music performance

75. Mr. Dunlop established his business _________.

A. independently with an interest-free load from Mint

B. with the approval of the City’s administration

C. with the help of a Japanese architect

D. in partnership with a finance group

76. It is implied in the passage that __________.

A. cardboard tents can be easily put up and removed by users.

B. the weather in the UK is changeable in summer.

C. most performances at British festivals are given in the open air.

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▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
D. the cardboard tents produced by Mr. Dunlop can be user-tailored 77. The passage is mainly concerned with ___________.
A. the effects of using cardboard tents on music festivals B. an attempt at developing recyclable tents C. some efforts at making full use of cardboards D. an unusual success of a graduation project
Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.
What can Europeans teach Americans about increasing employment? Until the financial crisis of the last two years, the answer very clearly would have been “nothing.” The European social-democratic model has many advantages, but getting people into work and keeping them there has never the chief one among them. Until now, Much ink has been spilled in recent months over the fact that the American and European unemployment rates are both now roughly at about 10 percent, while a number of Northern European economies ---- including Germany (7.5 percent), Denmark (7.4 percent), Austria (5.4 percent) and the Netherlands (4 percent) ---- are well below that. Even as the U.S. international companies send jobs abroad, big European companies like Siements are adding them at home. Every day seems to bring news of a new factory being built in Denmark or Germany. Newspaper headlines announce the European “job miracle.” As American unemployment figures stay high, economists on both sides of the Atlantic are debating whether the U.S. should start adopting a more effective approach to labor policy.
To answer this, it’s important to understand the nature of the “miracle” and whether it really works. European nations have kept unemployment figures low relative to the U.S. this time around because Europe’s labor markets have evolved to depend less on subsidies(补贴) that keep people on the dole (领取失业救济金) than on government programs to put them back to work quickly. What’s more, rather than focusing simply on rescuing their economies by stimulus as the U.S. has, northern Europe has spent its resources keeping people at work ---- by any means necessary.
In the Scandinavian countries, that has involved large and successful training programs to get laid-off workers back into jobs quickly. But other nations, namely Germany, jobs have also been kept by cutting hours rather than laying off workers, a number of European companies have chosen to cut full-time schedules by a third or more as part of larger government programs to avoid mass layoffs. Companies save money on salaries because the government picks up the cost of the pay cuts. It’s a successful temporary measure, but one that adds to the national debt and also has the potential to twist European labor markets. “These measures are successful now, but they could become very risky if the recovery is delayed,” says economist Paolo Guerrieri of the University of Rome.
(Note: answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 15 WORDS) 78. The current European social-democratic system has many advantages except _________________. 79. What is the so-called European “Job miracle” against the background of the financial crisis? 80. Besides training programs, another measure adopted by many European companies to avoid laying off
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workers is ___________. 81. What are the negative results when the measure to avoid laying off workers is carried on?
第 II 卷 I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 尽管他身体不好,但是他仍然把全部精力贡献给科学实验。(spite ) 2. 据说学*一门语言的最好方法是和说那种语言的人交际。(communicate) 3. 大火不仅毁灭了那幢大楼,而且毁了附*的小屋子。(Not only) 4. 面对困难你越是镇定自若,就越有困难克服它们。(likely) 5. 无论你生活在哪个国家,这些国家的风俗有多么不同,友好和乐于助人总是礼貌的一部 分。(Whatever…) II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
简要描述图片内容,结合自己的生活实际,就图片的主题谈谈自己的感想。
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▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
上理工附中 2013 学年高三英语月考三答案及听力文字

Section C

17. previous

18. access

19. repetition 20. oral

21. photographs / snaps / takes/shoots a picture

22. focusing on shooting / photographing / snapping

23. time and position

24. stress and self-doubt

II. Grammar and Vocabulary

Section A

(A) 25. that 26. a 27. have witnessed 28. can 29. Of 30. where 31. shakes 32.

even though

(B) 33. be coming 34. as 35. have not overcome 36. themselves 37. most popular

38. to hire 39. as long as 40. might/may

Section B

41. A 42. CD 43. AB 44. B 45. C 46. BC 47. ABC 48. D 49. AC 50. BD

III. Reading Comprehension

Section C 78. creating adequate employment for their people./getting people into work and keeping them there. 79. some European nations have kept unemployment figures low relative to the U.S. 80. cutting working hours by a third or more. 81. It will increase the national debt and most likely twist European markets.
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5. Whatever countries you live in and however different their customs are, kindness and readiness help others are always parts of good manners (courtesy).
If both the parties can agree on these issues, they are likely to further cooperate(have further cooperation)in the new field. II. Guided Writing Tape script: I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. M: What can I do for you, Madam? W: I have a headache. Do you have any aspirin? Q: Where does the conversation probably take place?
2. W: Do you get up at 5 every morning? M: Yes, and I need 7 hours of sleep, I should go to bed by 9 or 10. Q: How much sleep does the man need?
3. M: I hope I won’t oversleep. I’ve simply got to catch the first flight to New York. W: If I were you, I’d request the wake-up call from the hotel reception. Q: What does the woman advise the man to do?
4. W: It’s surprising that Tom came out of the accident alive. M: That’s true. The car crashed into the wall and was completely damaged. Q: What was the consequence of the accident?
5. W: How are you going to Beijing, darling? M: I first thought of flying there, but my father suggests I take a train. It’s much cheaper than flying or driving. Q: How is the man going to Beijing?
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6. W: I’d take this book, but the problem is that its cover is damaged. M: Oh, this is the last copy. I can give you a 10% discount. Q: What is the most probable relationship between the two speakers?
7. M: I paid 100 yuan for this sweater. I think it is too expensive. W: Expensive? I wouldn't say — it's hand made quality. Q: How did the woman feel about the sweater?
8. M: Congratulations! I just heard about your admission to the law school. Do you think you would join your brother’s firm after graduation? W: Not likely. He is a tax lawyer, and I am going to major in criminal law. Q: What does the woman mean?
9. W: What do you think of Mr. Oliver? M: Well, he always shows what he is thinking and feeling clearly and directly. Q: What is the man’s opinion of Mr. Oliver?
10. M: I really can’t afford any more interruption right now. I’ve got to finish the project. W: Sorry, just one more thing. Could you tell me the telephone number of Bob? Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
It was the ambition of an eleven-year-old boy in Kansas City to be an engine driver. Born without arms, he had been to special schools, where he learned the skill of using his feet as “hands”. He spent all his spare time watching trains and one day his dreams came true. Seeing a deserted engine, the boy climbed in and he had no difficulty in starting it with his feet. Soon he was traveling along at forty miles an hour. Signalmen could not see the young driver, so they didn’t try to stop the train. The train passed Fillan and Omar, and reached Missouri, where the boy stopped the engine himself, and then made it go backwards. When he was near home, a railwayman caught up with the engine and stopped it. At first, the railwayman was very angry. When he saw the armless boy, he was surprised and he smiled when the boy said simply, “ I like trains.” “Well, I’m glad you don’t like planes!” answered the railwayman. Questions: 11. How did the boy acquire the skill of driving an engine? 12. Where was the engine stopped at last? 13. How did the railwayman feel when he saw the armless boy?
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.
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According to a survey on reading conducted in 2001 by the U.S. National Education Association (NEA), young Americans say reading is important, more important than computers and science. Over 50% of the 12 to 18 years old interviewed say they enjoy reading a lot. 79% find it stimulating and interesting. And 87% think it is relaxing. About 68% of those surveyed disagreed with the opinion that reading is boring or old-fashioned.
Over half teenagers interviewed said they read more than ten books a year. The results also show that middle school students read more books than high schoolers. Over 66% of teens like to read fiction, such as novels and stories. Over 26% are interested in non-fiction, such as history books.64% of students listed reading stories about people my own age. That's a favorite topic. Mysteries and detective stories came second on the list at 53%. Just under 50% said they were interested in reading about their own culture in tradition. Of the teenagers who participated in the survey, 49% said that libraries are where they get most of their books. However, many complain that their school libraries do not have enough up-to-date interesting books and magazines. Even though many teenagers in the US enjoy reading, they still have other interests. When asked which activity would be the most difficult to give up for a week, 48% said listening to music. TV would be difficult to give up for 25% of those surveyed.
14. What is the passage mainly about? 15. What books are most popular among teenagers according to the survey? 16. What activity do teenagers find the most difficult to give up for a week?
Section C Directions: In section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you hear. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. M: What’s the article mainly about? W: It’s about Dr. Catani’s research. It says that IPad generation is losing out on vocabulary. M: Nowadays children have access to the Internet, mobile phone and tablet computers, which are
visual rather than auditory. That means children learn vocabulary from on-screen image but not from everyday conversation. W: Yes. Dr. Catani said: “When we learn a new word, we start by hearing a sound, and then we try to repeat it until we get it right. Through this we increase our vocabulary from age one until we get to 30,000 words as an adult. M: That means these findings show that listening, repetition and conversation matter a lot to learning language. W: Yes. Hearing and then verbally imitating is key to understanding. M: Since we know how children learn new words, they are likely to have less vocabulary than the previous generation. W: So we should spend less time on these devices and talk more to our children to maintain the oral tradition of passing on knowledge to our children.
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. M: Hi, Sharon. I haven’t seen you for ages. Are you still working in the studio?
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W: Yes. I like photographing the best moments of the animals in studios and sell prints online. M: What’s your goal during each shoot? W: Capturing the animal’s charm----it can be something in their eyes or the way they move. M: Since you have long been working with animals, can you tell me something about them? W: The animals generally fall into two categories: some are cute, and some are striking, like the
American buffalo. M: Do you get scared when you photograph animals like lions and bears? W: No, it even doesn’t occur to me to be scared. I have confidence in the handlers I work with.
And focusing on shooting can totally distract me from anything around. M: Are certain animals easier to photograph than others? W: Some animals like buffalo and cow don’t do much, which makes it easy for me while animals
like chicks and cats move around. I have to focus and be ready for the split second and the right position. M: What are the tricky parts that people wouldn’t expect? W: It’s a lot of work plus stress and self-doubt that comes with any creative pursuit.
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